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Initial Consultation

Bring any recent radiographs.

Meet the doctor & team.

Get an office tour.

In Treatment Visits

Based on type of treatment, you will schedule your recurring appointments.



Orthodontic Photographs, Radiographs, Intra Oral Scan, dental impression/s.

Completion of Treatment

Removal of all fixed Orthodontic appliances. Retainers.

Case Presentation

Meet with the doctor and review treatment plan in detail with Orthodontic Records

Active Retention Phase

Follow up after treatment.

Checking and reviewing retainer wear and care.

Start of Treatment

Initiation of treatment

Review Oral Hygiene & Care of appliances.

Passive Retention Phase

Long term follow up after completion of treatment.

Maintenance of Retainers

Initial Consultation

During your personalized initial consultation visit, you will meet with the doctor, get a tour of the office and understand your treatment approaches.


Records Visit

Filling Out a Medical Form

Medical and Dental History Form


Photographic Records

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Panoramic Radiograph


Lateral Cephalogram

Dental x-ray

Intra Oral Radiographs

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Intra Oral Scan/Dental Impressions

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Case Presentation

During case presentation visit, Orthodontic records and Orthodontic treatment plan will be reviewed.


Start Of Treatment

Orthodontic treatment begins when braces or attachments are attached to your teeth. A review of the treatment plan will be done prior to the the start of treatment. Following the placement of braces or attachments, instructions for brushing/flossing, care of appliances and foods to avoid will be reviewed.

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Things to remember following start of Orthodontic Treatment

The issues and instructions below are a review of your training session with our staff.  Please keep this reference in a convenient place and refer to it as necessary.


Your teeth may become sore following initial bracket placement or after an adjustment. Some food choices to consider at first are: hamburger, mashed or baked potatoes, eggs, oatmeal, apple sauce, tuna, pasta, cottage cheese, jell-o, yogurt, ice cream, soup, rice, canned fruits, steamed vegetables, meat loaf, fish, malts and shakes.

Warm liquids soothe a sore mouth. Heat in the form of warm water, hot chocolate, tea, coffee and broth will soothe the roots and make you feel more comfortable.


Certain food types need either to be avoided or properly prepared to prevent breakage of appliances. Braces will break off easily if hard, chewy or sticky foods are not managed carefully.

The rule is: if in doubt about a food being too hard, crunchy, sticky or chewy, it probably is.

AVOID: Hard bread, bagels, pretzels, hard cookies, nuts, popcorn kernels, hard candy, hard chips, pizza crust, pits in olives and chewing ice. Chewy meats, hard fruits and vegetables, all need to be cut into small pieces and chewed carefully. Avoid chewing on pens, pencil and fingernails.

Small pieces and careful chewing are the best advice. It is all about how to chew and not ‘what to chew’.


We do expect occasional, accidental breakage, but repetitive breakage slows treatment, requires extra visits and its very discouraging! Loose or broken brackets or bands usually occur from overzealous chewing of hard foods. The wearing of prescribed appliances (e.g. bite planes) as instructed helps keep breakage to a minimum.

Please call immediately if something is broken so that we may determine the exact nature of the problem and schedule adequate time for repair.


Visits are spaced in coordination with the needs of treatment. Proper timing of visits truly expedites treatment. Excessive failed or cancelled appointments disrupt treatment progress and lengthen treatment time.

REMINDER: Please, see your dentist every 6 months!

ORTHODONTIC EMERGENCIES: In case of an orthodontic emergency after hours or on the weekend, call our office directly at (617) 536 0365 and follow the directions to reach the orthodontist on call. In the meantime, please review this list below to see what you can do to alleviate the problem until we can see you. If you are in severe pain or feel that you have a life-threatening condition, please call 911 and/or seek immediate attention at your nearest hospital emergency room.

  1. Broken or loose brackets are generally not considered an urgent problem, but it’s best to call the office when the problem occurs and ask for Dr. Minnah’s recommendation. If a bracket comes off of a tooth, it usually remains attached to the wire with an elastic tie. This will prevent the bracket from being swallowed, but it may move or spin around. If the bracket is causing discomfort, press a little wax against the bracket to keep it stable and refrain from eating chewy or sticky foods.

  2. Loose Band
    A loose band (the metal ring around a molar) is usually not an urgent problem. However, if the band is loose for a period of time (3-4 weeks), saliva and bacteria may enter the crevice between the tooth and band, producing an acidic byproduct that eats away at the tooth enamel. The result is decalcification (a white spot) or a cavity on the tooth surface. This damage can happen rather quickly, so call us at once when the band becomes loose.

  3. Irritating Wire
    Teeth can move quickly, especially in the early phase of treatment. Sometimes, as the teeth become straighter, the archwire (the wire used to move the teeth) may begin to extend out of the back molar bands and cause discomfort. This can be treated at home very simply by rolling up a piece of wax into a ball and placing it into the affected area. The wax will smooth the area and keep the tissue from becoming irritated. If the wax does not work, please call for an appointment so we can clip the wire.

  4. Pain and Discomfort
    Unfortunately, some discomfort occurs as a normal part of orthodontic treatment. For adolescents, the discomfort tends to begin about 4-6 hours after the braces are placed or adjusted significantly. This discomfort tends to last for 2-3 days. For adults, the onset of discomfort tends to occur within 24 hours and usually lasts 1-2 weeks. 

  5. Injuries to the Mouth
    A serious injury to the mouth and/or teeth should be examined immediately by a physician and/or dentist. In many cases, braces can prevent the loss of teeth because of the stability provided by the brackets and wires.

  6. Loose Palate Expander
    A palatal expander is an appliance used to help widen the upper jaw. If the appliance becomes loose, please contact our office immediately.

  7. Lost or Broken Retainers
    If a removable retainer is lost or broken, contact our office as soon as possible so that we can determine the need for replacement or repair. If a fixed retainer is broken, contact our office as soon as possible so that it can be repaired.

  8. Swallowing Braces and Appliances
    It is very rare for a patient to swallow brackets or other orthodontic appliances because the brackets and bands usually remain attached to the wire even if they become loosened from a tooth. However, if you swallow any orthodontic appliance, you should call us or your physician right away. Fortunately, the braces and rubber bands used for orthodontic treatment are quite small, and they are usually passed through the digestive system without difficulty.

  9. Mouth Irritations
    Braces can have a tendency to feel unusual against the lips, tongue, and the tissue inside the mouth when the braces have just been placed. This may sometimes lead to soreness, some mild discomfort, and temporary, mild tissue irritation. Pain relief can be obtained with over-the-counter topical anesthetics such as Orabase®. Wax can be placed on the appliances in the areas of discomfort and lip moisturizers can be used to alleviate dry lips.


Minnah & Korn Orthodontic Team

After Orthodontic Treatment

What to expect following completion of Orthodontic treatment?

Following completion of treatment, every patient enters into the active retention phase. During active retention final position of the teeth is achieved through settling. Spaces are closed where possible, roots solidify in bone sockets, and a final bite relationship is achieved.


Final records will be taken to evaluate the final dental and skeletal conditions, wisdom teeth, etc. Records include x-rays and photographs.


Full time wear of retainers is necessary during this period because the teeth are mobile and need to recover from orthodontic tooth movement. It is imperative that retainers be worn full time as the teeth may relapse to their original position.


Please read and remember that retainers are always IN THE MOUTH, IN THE HAND or IN THE BOX – never any other place. Keep them away from heat and pets. 

During the first few months of active retention, retainers are worn full time. If it is necessary to remove the retainer from the mouth, be certain that it is IN THE HAND or IN THE BOX, never in a pocket, in a napkin, on the dresser or next to the sink. It will very easily be broken/lost and there will be a fee to replace it.


When active retention is completed, you will be placed on recall, during which time retainers will be worn on a maintenance basis. Retainers should be tried in every day indefinitely, and worn when they feel tight.

There is a tendency for patients to consider their case completed during recall. This is not so! Issues such as completion of growth, decisions on third molars (wisdom teeth) and completion of dental procedures will be monitored during this period. Control of orthodontic results depends on appropriate long term retention measures. You will be asked to call/email for or given a recall appointment. If you do not respond to our notification, we may place your file on an inactive status and wait to hear from you.


Our bodies continue to change indefinitely.   Follow these rules and you will be a VERY HAPPY orthodontic patient!

Minnah & Korn Orthodontic Team

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